Bornholm can in history be traced back to approx. 900 years after BC and had at that time the name of Burgundy country and its own King. Arab coins from the trade were found on the Russian estuaries from the 7th - 8th and 9th centuries. Later in 1075 a new name appears. The people of Skåne in the year 1075 refer to the island as Holmen, because it was a safe anchorage and "Denmark's most visited" port. in the year 1200 announces that Bornholm merchants live there, this tells about Bornholm's old importance to the trade routes in the Baltic Sea.
Bornholm is known throughout Europe for its rich nature. There are only a few places in the world where, within a geographical area of 35 x 45 km, you can experience everything from steep rocky slopes over large forest areas with waterfalls to long white sandy beaches and to the south dunes. A particularly mild climate means that there is a fauna that differs significantly from the rest of Denmark. The fig tree and mulberry tree grow wild in several places.
The natural diversity is also reflected in the Bornholm business community. All conceivable industries are represented. A number of companies are in the export markets because the local domestic market is limited. Fish products, salmonella-free agricultural products, industrial special machines and packaging are produced. Construction also includes assignments in Sweden and in Germany. Within research, culture and teaching, centers have been established which have started collaborations with other Baltic countries.
Bornholm is a well-functioning society with approx. 40,000 people, the equivalent of a normal medium-sized Danish provincial city.Bornholm's history is completely different from the rest of Denmark's history throughout the period.The island's location has during the war time other enemies and in other times other contacts to trade.This has provided a very rich archeology - in fact one third of all Danish sheep are found on Bornholm. Thousands of small gold figures - the so-called Goldmen, and silver treasures are just a few examples.Also the last century has gone differently from the rest of Denmark and the Nordic countries.